- 1 Which one of the following is not a viral disease
- 2 Are bacteria contagious
- 2.1 Are bacteria prokaryotes?
- 2.2 Which one of the following is not a bacterial disease cholera tuberculosis anthrax influencer?
- 2.3 Which one of the following is not a viral disease ?`?
- 3 Which one of the following is a viral disease
- 4 Is bone tuberculosis contagious
- 5 Is bacterial tonsillitis contagious
- 6 Are throat viruses contagious
- 6.1 Which one of the following diseases is spread by microbes?
- 6.2 Which one of the following disease is caused by protozoans?
- 6.3 Which of the following is a bacterial disease in fish?
- 6.4 Which of the following is a bacterial disease Mcq?
- 7 Which of the following is a bacterial disease chicken pox polio tuberculosis Hepatitis A
So, the correct answer is ‘ Tuberculosis ‘.
Is Tuberculosis a bacterial disease?
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick.
Are bacteria contagious
Are bacterial infections contagious? – Yes, many bacterial infections are contagious from person to person, including pertussis, tuberculosis, strep throat, meningococcal disease, bacterial STIs and, Infections you get from food, mosquitos or ticks are usually not contagious.
Which one of the following is not a bacterial disease tuberculosis anthrax typhoid polio?
The correct option is C AIDS.
Are bacteria prokaryotes?
Bacteria are classified as prokaryotes, along with another group of single-celled organisms, the archaea. Prokaryotes are tiny, but in a very real sense, they dominate the Earth.
Which one of the following is not a bacterial disease cholera tuberculosis anthrax influencer?
Hint: A bacterial infection is referred to as proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria inside or on the body. Bacteria can infect any portion of the body. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few infections/illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria.
Complete answer: You should know, Bacteria are single-cell organisms and are microscopic which live almost everywhere because they live in every climate and every location on earth. Some of them are airborne while others mostly live in water or soil. They live on or inside plants, animals, and people.
The term “bacteria” has a negative connotation, but they actually perform many vital functions for organisms and the environment. Take an example of plants that require bacteria in the soil in order to grow. Remember, the majority of bacteria are believed harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial.
In the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT), good bacteria promote digestion and secrete many vitamins. These bacteria also aid in immunity, making the body less hospitable towards bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens that cause infections. When we consider all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively only few mostly make people sick.
Vibrio cholerae is a bacterium that is a Causative agent of cholera. Whereas, Tuberculosis disease is caused by bacterium- Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Causative agent for Anthrax is – bacteria Bacillus anthracis. influenza virus cause – Influenza, that means it is a viral disease Therefore, our correct answer is option D – influenza.
- Additional information: Keep in head, that Bacteria come basically in three shapes namely, -rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla).
- It’s important to know, Bacteria and viruses are different pathogens or organisms that can cause disease.
- Bacteria are larger than viruses, and bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own.
Viruses are very small than bacteria and they don’t reproduce on their own. Note: Remember, Bacteria may also be differentiated as gram-positive or gram-negative. Gram-positive bacteria consist of a thick cell wall, whereas the gram-negative bacteria do not have.
Final answer: Typhoid is not a viral disease.
The correct answer is Typhoid. It is a common bacterial disease whose causative agent is the bacteria Salmonella typhi which enters the small intestine through contaminated water and food and migrates to other organs of the body through blood.
Hepatitis, dengue and influenza are viral diseases, that is, these diseases are caused by virus. Whereas leprosy is a bacterial disease. Hepatitis is caused by contaminated food and water. Influenza can spread through contact with infected person.
Is bone tuberculosis contagious
Causes of Bone Tuberculosis – Skeletal tuberculosis is also caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Unlike pulmonary tuberculosis, studies have shown that bone or spinal tuberculosis may not spread through the air. The infection can spread through your blood if you come in contact with an infected person’s body fluids or pus.
- Skeletal tuberculosis can also be caused by pulmonary tuberculosis.
- Mycobacteria can easily spread from your lungs to your bones, spine, or joints through blood vessels.
- This can affect your long bones or spinal vertebrae.
- This type of tuberculosis is rare and is typically seen most often in places with widespread AIDS infections.
Bone tuberculosis affects people with AIDS because their immune system is weakened by the virus.
Are people with TB infection contagious?
TB infection vs. TB disease There is a difference between TB infection and TB disease. When a person has been exposed to someone with TB disease and has breathed in the TB germs, that person may become infected with TB. In most cases, people with healthy immune systems can contain the infection at that point and not become ill with TB disease.
- A person with TB infection only (positive TB skin test but normal chest x-ray) is not sick and is not contagious to others.
- TB medicine can help kill the bacteria and prevent the development of TB disease in the future.
- However, if a person with TB infection does not take preventive medicine, the bacteria may grow and cause active TB disease,
TB symptoms may include a constant cough that lasts two or more weeks, chest pain, weakness, and loss of appetite. When a person has active TB disease, the individual may be contagious and cause infection in other people, particularly those with whom they spend the most time.
Someone with active TB disease will need to take several TB medicines for many months in order to become well and not infect others. However, they may no longer be infectious after a few weeks of medicine and would be able, once cleared by the Health Department, to return to work and normal activities while they are completing their TB treatment.
People can have active TB in any organ of the body, but it is only infectious to others when it is in the lungs or larynx. : TB infection vs. TB disease
Is abdominal tuberculosis contagious?
Tuberculosis (TB)- How TB Spreads TB bacteria spread through the air from one person to another. When a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings, TB bacteria can get into the air. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. TB is NOT spread by
shaking someone’s hand sharing food or drink touching bed linens or toilet seats sharing toothbrushes kissing
When a person breathes in TB bacteria, the bacteria can settle in the lungs and begin to grow. From there, they can move through the blood to other parts of the body, such as the kidney, spine, and brain. TB disease in the lungs or throat can be infectious. This means that the bacteria can spread to other people. TB in other parts of the body, such as the kidney or spine, is usually not infectious. People with TB disease are most likely to spread it to people they spend time with every day. This includes family members, friends, and coworkers or schoolmates. Learn about, : Tuberculosis (TB)- How TB Spreads
Is bacterial tonsillitis contagious
How long tonsillitis lasts – Symptoms will usually go away after 3 to 4 days. Tonsillitis is not contagious, but most of the infections that cause it are, for example, colds and flu. To stop these infections spreading:
- if you or your child have a high temperature or you do not feel well enough to do your normal activities, try to stay at home and avoid contact with other people until you feel better
- use tissues when you cough or sneeze and throw them away
- wash your hands after coughing or sneezing
Are viruses or bacterial more contagious?
Viral Illness vs. Bacterial Infection – Pediatric Associates of Richmond Bacteria are tiny living organisms that exist throughout the world. They are present in the home, on the skin, everywhere. Probiotics for example are bacteria that live in our intestines all the time and help with digestion.
- Other bacteria such as strep cause illness in people and require antibiotics to help the body’s immune system fight them off.
- Viruses are even tinier organisms that are also everywhere.
- Some of them can cause illnesses with as much fever and discomfort as bacterial infections.
- Unlike with bacteria, antibiotics are not effective against viruses.
The body’s immune system has to fight viruses off on its own, and usually they resolve with little more than rest, fluids and patience. Viral illnesses are very contagious (usually more contagious than bacterial infections) and many times they are passed around from family member to family member, or from child to child at the daycare, school or in other social settings.
- Because they are more common, viral infections will account for most of your child’s illnesses.
- Your doctor or nurse practitioner will recommend measures to help alleviate some of the symptoms (e.g.
- Sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, runny nose, cough and congestion) associated with your child’s viral illness.
Occasionally a child with a viral illness will be more susceptible to catching a bacterial infection such as an ear infection, pneumonia, or sinus infection, and will then need to be treated with an antibiotic to kill the bacteria while the body fights off the virus.
We can only determine if a concurrent bacterial infection is present if we examine your child. We do not treat infections with antibiotics unless we have good evidence that bacteria are the cause. One reason for this is that overuse of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance, and then the antibiotics won’t work when we need them to.
A second reason is that antibiotics can cause side effects such as diarrhea, and we don’t want to put children at risk for side effects if there’s no benefit to using the antibiotic (i.e. in viral illnesses). : Viral Illness vs. Bacterial Infection – Pediatric Associates of Richmond
Are throat viruses contagious
– Most sore throats are caused by common viruses. They heal on their own in a few days. Sore throats caused by viruses and bacteria are contagious. The germs can remain on your hands, surfaces, and in the air sometimes for hours or days, depending on the particular virus or bacterium.
- Sore throats caused by an allergy or other environmental factor aren’t contagious.
- See a doctor if you or your child has a fever and other sore throat symptoms.
- If you’re prescribed antibiotics for strep throat, it’s important to take all of the medication prescribed.
- Strep can cause serious complications in children if it infects the brain or other organs.
Good hygiene practices can cut down on transmission and prevent future infection.
Which one of the following disease is not transmitted by mosquito?
Typhoid fever is not transmitted by mosquito, it is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
Which one of the following diseases is spread by microbes?
A few harmful microbes, for example less than 1% of bacteria, can invade our body (the host) and make us ill. Microbes cause infectious diseases such as flu and measles. There is also strong evidence that microbes may contribute to many non–infectious chronic diseases such as some forms of cancer and coronary heart disease.
|Infectious disease||Microbe that causes the disease||Type of microbe|
|Whooping cough||Bordatella pertussis||Bacterium|
|Bubonic plague||Yersinia pestis||Bacterium|
|TB (Tuberculosis)||Mycobacterium tuberculosis||Bacterium|
|Athletes’ foot||Trichophyton mentagrophytes||Fungus|
It is important to remember that:
A pathogen is a micro-organism that has the potential to cause disease. An infection is the invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microbes in an individual or population. Disease is when the infection causes damage to the individual’s vital functions or systems. An infection does not always result in disease!
To cause an infection, microbes must enter our bodies. The site at which they enter is known as the portal of entry. Microbes can enter the body through the four sites listed below:
Respiratory tract (mouth and nose) e.g. influenza virus which causes the flu. Gastrointestinal tract (mouth oral cavity) e.g. Vibrio cholerae which causes cholera. Urogenital tract e.g. Escherichia coli which causes cystitis. Breaks in the skin surface e.g. Clostridium tetani which causes tetanus.
To make us ill microbes have to:
reach their target site in the body; attach to the target site they are trying to infect so that they are not dislodged; multiply rapidly; obtain their nutrients from the host; avoid and survive attack by the host’s immune system.
Which one of the following disease is caused by protozoans?
Final answer: Malaria diseases are caused by protozoans.
Which of the following is a bacterial disease in fish?
Fin rot is a common disease caused by bacterial infection in aquaria and aquaculture due to poor water condition.
Which of the following is a bacterial disease Mcq?
Hint: Bacterial diseases are caused by bacteria. Bacteria cause disease by emitting toxins, by internal toxins production, which is let out when the bacteria fragmented, or by making sensitivity to their antigenic properties. Bacteria serve as the major pathogen of both plant and animal diseases.
- Complete answer: Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that contaminates the mucous membranes of our nose and throat.
- Diphtheria is due to the bacterium named Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
- Leprosy is also a bacterial disease.
- It is a chronic infection.
- And it is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae.
Plague is one of the epidemics and also a bacterial disease. It is caused by Yersinia pestis. so option ( D ) is the correct answer.s A) Malaria, mumps, polio -. Malaria is a mosquito based infectious disease of humans and other animals. It is caused by parasitic protozoans.
And the mumps is a serious transferable infection, which is spread by a paramyxovirus. Polio is also a transmissible disease caused by the poliovirus. So all diseases of the above set are not the bacterial disease. So it is the wrong option. B) Cholera, typhoid, mumps – Cholera is a transmissible disease, which is caused by the bacteria called Vibrio cholerae.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection, it is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. And mumps is a viral infection. So it is the wrong option. C) Tetanus, TB, Malaria – Tetanus is a dangerous disease caused by a bacterial toxin, which affects our nervous system.
- And TB (Tuberculosis) is a transmissible bacterial disease.
- It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which commonly affects the lungs.
- So it is the incorrect set of bacterial diseases.
- So, The correct answer is ” D “- Diphtheria, leprosy, plague.
- Note: Bacteria are one of the most dominant pathogens.
They are found everywhere. The diseases caused by bacteria can be generally cured by the administration of certain antibiotics. All the bacteria are not pathogenic, some are beneficial for mankind also. The viral diseases like mumps, common cold, etc. are not cured by the use of antibiotics.
Which of the following is a bacterial disease chicken pox polio tuberculosis Hepatitis A
So, the correct answer is ‘ Tuberculosis ‘.
Which of the following is the commonest bacterial disease?
Assertion : Chlamydiosis is most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease. Reason : It can be easily differentiated from gonococcal urethritis.