- 1 What is physical exercise in simple words
- 2 How can you identify a physically educated person
- 3 How can physical education improve your health
- 4 What are the 7 concepts of physical fitness
- 5 What are the 5 types of physical fitness
What is physical exercise in simple words
Definition of ‘physical exercise’ 1. movements and activities done to keep your body healthy or make it stronger. Again, it is worth taking some brief physical exercise or doing a relaxation response to get rid of this tension.2. a particular set of movements intended to improve health or make you stronger.
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How can you identify a physically educated person
A physically educated person who participates in health- enhancing physical activity: demonstrates competence in selected motor skills ; assesses, achieves, and maintains physical fitness; applies cognitive concepts in making wise lifestyle choices; and exhibits appropriate personal-social character traits while
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How can physical education improve your health
Introduction – Regular physical activity participation throughout childhood provides immediate health benefits, by positively effecting body composition and musculo-skeletal development ( Malina and Bouchard, 1991), and reducing the presence of coronary heart disease risk factors ( Gutin et al.
- 1994 ). In recognition of these health benefits, physical activity guidelines for children and youth have been developed by the Health Education Authority ( Biddle et al., 1998 ).
- The primary recommendation advocates the accumulation of 1 hour’s physical activity per day of at least moderate intensity (i.e.
the equivalent of brisk walking), through lifestyle, recreational and structured activity forms. A secondary recommendation is that children take part in activities that help develop and maintain musculo-skeletal health, on at least two occasions per week ( Biddle et al.
1998 ). This target may be addressed through weight-bearing activities that focus on developing muscular strength, endurance and flexibility, and bone health. School physical education (PE) provides a context for regular and structured physical activity participation. To this end a common justification for PE’s place in the school curriculum is that it contributes to children’s health and fitness ( Physical Education Association of the United Kingdom, 2004; Zeigler, 1994).
The extent to which this rationale is accurate is arguable ( Koslow, 1988; Michaud and Andres, 1990) and has seldom been tested. However, there would appear to be some truth in the supposition because PE is commonly highlighted as a significant contributor to help young people achieve their daily volume of physical activity ( Biddle et al.
- 1998 ; Corbin and Pangrazi, 1998).
- The important role that PE has in promoting health-enhancing physical activity is exemplified in the US ‘Health of the Nation’ targets.
- These include three PE-associated objectives, two of which relate to increasing the number of schools providing and students participating in daily PE classes.
The third objective is to improve the number of students who are engaged in beneficial physical activity for at least 50% of lesson time ( US Department of Health and Human Services, 2000). However, research evidence suggests that this criterion is somewhat ambitious and, as a consequence, is rarely achieved during regular PE lessons ( Stratton, 1997; US Department of Health and Human Services, 2000; Levin et al.
- 2001 ; Fairclough, 2003a).
- The potential difficulties of achieving such a target are associated with the diverse aims of PE.
- These aims are commonly accepted by physical educators throughout the world ( International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, 1999), although their interpretation, emphasis and evaluation may differ between countries.
According to Simons-Morton ( Simons-Morton, 1994), PE’s overarching goals should be (1) for students to take part in appropriate amounts of physical activity during lessons, and (2) become educated with the knowledge and skills to be physically active outside school and throughout life.
The emphasis of learning during PE might legitimately focus on motor, cognitive, social, spiritual, cultural or moral development ( Sallis and McKenzie, 1991; Department for Education and Employment/Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, 1999). These aspects may help cultivate students’ behavioural and personal skills to enable them to become lifelong physical activity participants,
However, to achieve this, these aspects should be delivered within a curriculum which provides a diverse range of physical activity experiences so students can make informed decisions about which ones they enjoy and feel competent at. However, evidence suggests that team sports dominate English PE curricula, yet bear limited relation to the activities that young people participate in, out of school and after compulsory education ( Sport England, 2001; Fairclough et al.
, 2002 ). In order to promote life-long physical activity a broader base of PE activities needs to be offered to reinforce the fact that it is not necessary for young people to be talented sportspeople to be active and healthy. While motor, cognitive, social, spiritual, cultural and moral development are valid areas of learning, they can be inconsistent with maximizing participation in health-enhancing physical activity,
There is no guidance within the English National Curriculum for PE to inform teachers how they might best work towards achieving this goal. Moreover, it is possible that the lack of policy, curriculum development or teacher expertise in this area contributes to the considerable variation in physical activity levels during PE ( Stratton, 1996a).
- However, objective research evidence suggests that this is mainly due to differences in pedagogical variables,
- Furthermore, PE activity participation may be influenced by inter-individual factors.
- For example, activity has been reported to be lower among students with greater body mass and body fat ( Brooke et al.
, 1975 ; Fairclough, 2003c), and higher as students get older ( Seliger et al., 1980 ). In addition, highly skilled students are generally more active than their lesser skilled peers ( Li and Dunham, 1993; Stratton, 1996b) and boys tend to engage in more PE activity than girls ( Stratton, 1996b; McKenzie et al.
- 2000 ). Such inter-individual factors are likely to have significant implications for pedagogical practice and therefore warrant further investigation.
- In accordance with Simons-Morton’s ( Simons-Morton, 1994) first proposed aim of PE, the purpose of this study was to assess English students’ physical activity levels during high school PE.
The data were considered in relation to recommended levels of physical activity ( Biddle et al., 1998 ) to ascertain whether or not PE can be effective in helping children be ‘fit and healthy’. Specific attention was paid to differences between sex and ability groups, as well as during different PE activities.
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What are the 7 concepts of physical fitness
JERRY Diaz, a certified National Academy of Sports Medicine personal trainer, said there are seven principles of exercise: individuality, specificity, progression, overload, adaptation, recovery, and reversibility. First on the list is individuality. According to North Carolina triathlon and swim coach Marty Gaal, everyone responds differently to training.
- Some are able to handle higher capacity training while others may respond better to higher intensity.
- Next on the list is specificity.
- Gaal said to improve one’s ability with any fitness goal, one must be very specific.
- To become a great pitcher, for example, running laps will help the person’s overall conditioning, but they will not develop the throwing skills or the power and muscular endurance required to execute a fastball 50 times in a game, Gaal added.
As for progression, it means that one must start from the bottom. For example, before you can swim the 500 freestyle, you must first build muscular endurance and learn to repeat the necessary motions, Gaal said. Overload is another principle of exercise.
- In order to increase strength and endurance, Gaal said you must add new resistance or time/intensity to your training session.
- He added that this principle works with progression.
- To run a 10-kilometer run, for example, athletes need to build up distance over repeated sessions in a reasonable manner in order to improve muscle adaptation as well as acquire strength/resiliency.
But it is also important to keep in mind that any demanding exercise attempted too soon could lead to injuries, Gaal said. Fifth on the list is adaptation. Over time, the body will become familiar to an exercise at a given level. This will result in less effort and less muscle breakdown.
Gaal said this is why a person who runs two miles for the first time will feel sore, but with adaptation, running the same distance will feel like a warm-up before the main workout. He said in order for the body to adapt, one needs to change the stimulus through higher intensity or longer durations. Then there’s recovery.
“The body cannot repair itself without rest and time to recover,” Gaal said. “Both short periods like hours between multiple sessions in a day and longer periods like days or weeks to recover from a long season are necessary to ensure your body does not suffer from exhaustion or overuse injuries.” As for reversibility, Gaal said when a person discontinues or stops performing a particular exercise such as running five miles or bench pressing 150 pounds 10 times, he or she will lose the ability to successfully complete that exercise again.
- The muscles will atrophy and the cellular adaptations will reverse.
- According to Gaal, you can slow this rate of loss substantially by conducting a maintenance/reduced program of training during periods when life gets in the way.
- Diaz said one must learn how to apply these principles to get a better understanding of one’s body and how to achieve success.
For professional fitness nutrition inquiries, contact Jerry Diaz through Instagram at @BBJ_Athletics or Facebook.
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What are 2 types of physical fitness?
Physical fitness can be defined in two categories: health related and motor related. The health related components of physical fitness are of great importance because they make an individual fit, functional and productive for everyday living.
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What is physical fitness class 11 Brainly?
Brainly User Brainly User Explanation:, Physical education is a course taught in school that focuses on developing physical fitness and the ability to perform and enjoy day-to-day physical activities with ease. Kids, as well as adults, benefit from regular exercise.
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What are the 5 types of physical fitness
Health-related components of Physical Fitness. There are five components of physical fitness: (1) body composition, (2) flexibility, (3) muscular strength, (4) muscular endurance, and (5) cardiorespiratory endurance.
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What is the difference between physical fitness and wellness class 11?
Wellness vs. Fitness Believe it or not, wellness used to be a term most frequently used in natural grocery stores and vitamin commercials. In fact, for a long time, wellness took a back seat to fitness, simply because it wasn’t as cool or dynamic, especially from a marketing perspective.
- Clearly, that is no longer the case.
- At a time when the speed of life seems to be increasing exponentially and schedules are packed to overflowing, consumers are searching for ways to find balance—and the wellness industry is thriving in response.
- While physical fitness will always be at the heart of the health and exercise professional’s work, let’s explore why wellness deserves special attention for consumers and professionals alike.
Fitness specifically refers to physical health, and is the ability to complete a physical task, or the lack of a physical ailment. Wellness, on the other hand, refers to the balance of a spectrum of health-related elements in one’s life. Most wellness wheels represent six or seven dimensions of wellness, including intellectual, emotional, physical, occupational, environmental, spiritual, social and financial.
- When a person is balanced and well, all of the aforementioned areas of life are considered and prioritized in daily lifestyle habits.
- Popular culture has embraced the notion of whole-person wellness and personal balance.
- Clients come to health and exercise professionals looking for a more holistic and wellness-based service.
This is not to downplay the importance of exercise and overall fitness. Starting a fitness program is often the first step someone might take toward becoming healthier. Once healthy habits are created around exercise, clients often have the confidence and desire to explore other facets of wellness.
It is important for all health and exercise professionals to have general knowledge of all the elements of the wellness wheel. Some elements, such as financial or emotional wellness, may be out of the scope of practice for a health and exercise professional, which means it is crucial to develop a referral network from which you can recommend to clients seeking information or treatment options.
Having these options available for clients demonstrates that you understand the importance of lifestyle wellness as it relates to achieving fitness goals. Health and exercise professionals can increase their knowledge around holistic wellness by obtaining a health coaching certification.
ACE has one of the only NCCA-accredited health coaching certifications currently available. With the shift in client demands, the skill set of health coaches is valuable in the traditional fitness or gym setting. Furthermore, a health coach certification pairs nicely with personal trainer or group fitness instructor certifications.
Health coaches learn to work with clients on larger lifestyle habits and have a broader knowledge of the elements of wellness. While fitness is a part of wellness, there is much more to explore to help clients achieve health, happiness and wellness. As wellness continues to gain traction in the market, challenge yourself to explore referral opportunities and learn about all seven dimensions of wellness.
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