Asked By: Henry Barnes Date: created: Dec 06 2023

Who is Lord Mountbatten in history

Answered By: Walter Brooks Date: created: Dec 07 2023

Later Life and Legacy – In 1953, Mountbatten returned to the Royal Navy, becoming commander of a new Mediterranean command. Then in 1954, he was appointed first sea lord, a position which had been held by his father more than 40 years before. Finally, in 1959, he became chief of the defence staff, then in 1965, he retired from the navy.

On 27 August 1979, Mountbatten was assassinated when IRA (Irish Republican Army) terrorists blew up his boat off the coast of County Sligo, Ireland, near his family holiday home at Classiebawn Castle. Two of Mountbatten’s relations and a 15-year old local boy were also killed. To know about the, visit the linked article Mountbatten’s most controversial legacy came in his support for the burgeoning nationalist movements which grew up in the shadow of Japanese occupation.

His priority was to maintain practical, stable government, but driving him was an idealism in which he believed every people should be allowed to control their own destiny. Critics said he was too ready to overlook their faults, and especially their subordination to communist control., with some going as far as to state that he was soft on communism.

Regardless he is still remembered as one of the foremost commanders of the who played a key role in the allied victory in Asia. Ans. Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy of India. His tenure lasted between 1947 and 1948. Mountbatten was the one who brought forward the date of the partition from June 1948 to 15 August 1947.

Ans. Lord Mountbatten returned to the Royal Navy in 1953 and became the commander of a new NATO Mediterranean command. In 1959, he became chief of the defence staff. Aspirants can find the complete through the linked article. More exam-related preparation materials will be found through the links given below Related Links : Lord Mountbatten : Early Life, Last Viceroy of India and Legacy

Did Queen Elizabeth give up Mountbatten?

The royal family’s last name was disputed when Queen Elizabeth II became the reigning monarch.Prince Philip insisted she take on his surname (Mountbatten), but British officials and the monarchy wanted to continue using Windsor.Eventually, Elizabeth and Philip compromised on Mountbatten-Windsor in 1960.Meghan Markle and Prince Harry used the last name for their son, Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor.

Queen Elizabeth II ‘s ascension to the throne at just 25 years old in 1952 is certainly a fascinating story, Now one of the more compelling parts is back in the news again: The controversial last name that sparked a giant feud between her husband Prince Philip and the royal family.

  • The Queen and Prince Philip had to decide on a surname to pass down to their descendents, debating between her name (Windsor), his name (Mountbatten), or some combination of the two.
  • More than six decades later, the effects of their decision are still playing out.
  • Yesterday, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announced the name of the royal baby : Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor,

If you’ve seen The Crown, then you know how much drama was behind that hyphenated surname.

Did Queen Elizabeth take Mountbatten as her name?

The story behind Mountbatten-Windsor – Mountbatten and Windsor are the family names of Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth respectively. The House of Windsor family name was agreed upon by King George V in 1917. Before that, the royal family of the United Kingdom belonged to the German House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

The first sovereign of the house was Ernest I who ruled over the dutchy by the same name from 1826 until his death in 1844. His eldest son, Prince Albert married Queen Victoria in 1840. Since as per tradition sovereigns took the name of their ‘house’ from their father, Queen Victoria’s eldest son, King Edward VII belonged to the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

His son, George V, who succeeded to the throne in 1910 had dropped the family name. In 1917 the First World War was at its peak and anti-German sentiment was running high among the people of Great Britain. It was in these circumstances that the British royal family decided to change all German titles and house names to anglicised forms.

King George V issued a royal proclamation in July 1917 declaring: Now, therefore, We, out of Our Royal Will and Authority, do hereby declare and announce that as from the date of this Our Royal Proclamation Our House and Family shall be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor, and that all the descendants in the male line of Our said Grandmother Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, other than female descendants who may marry or may have married, shall bear the said Name of Windsor And do hereby further declare and announce that We for Ourselves and for and on behalf of Our descendants and all other the descendants of Our said Grandmother Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, relinquish and enjoin the discontinuance of the use of the Degrees, Styles, Dignities, Titles and Honours of Dukes and Duchesses of Saxony and Princes and Princesses of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and all other German Degrees, Styles, Dignities.

Titles, Honours and Appellations to Us or to them heretofore belonging or appertaining. The King also decided to restrict the use of British princely titles to only those nearest to him. In 1919, for instance, he stripped three of his German relations from British titles.

  1. The Mountbatten family name of Prince Philip too has its origins in the period of the First World War.
  2. It is an anglicised version of ‘Battenberg’ which was the dynasty ruling over the Grand dutchy of Hesse in Germany.
  3. Two of the descendants of the Battenburg family got associated with the British royal family in the 19th century.
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Prince Henry of Battenberg married Princess Beatrice, the youngest child of Queen Victoria, while his brother Prince Louis of Battenberg married the Queen’s granddaughter Princess Victoria of Hesse and Rhine. Louis and Victoria’s daughter, Princess Alice of Battenberg, was the mother of Prince Philip. Members of the House of Windsor on the balcony of Buckingham Palace. (Wikimedia Commons) By 1939, when Prince Philip met and fell in love with Queen Elizabeth, he had taken on his mother’s surname, even though his father’s side was Greek and Danish. By then, the Battenberg had also been given up in preference to Mountbatten.

  • On account of the anti-German sentiment in Britain during the First World War, Prince Louise had dropped the Battenberg surname just three days before the British royal family had their family name changed to Windsor.
  • He along with his children and nephews also gave up on all German titles.
  • Ing George V compensated them with British titles.

Even though Queen Elizabeth II had confirmed House of Windsor to be the family name when she succeeded to the throne in 1952 much to the disappointment of her husband, in 1960 she and Prince Philip decided that they would like their direct descendants to take both their family names as Mountbatten-Windsor.

Asked By: Brandon Anderson Date: created: Feb 05 2023

Were Queen Elizabeth and Philip related

Answered By: Reginald Peterson Date: created: Feb 05 2023

Both were great-great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria –

Queen Elizabeth: Queen Elizabeth was born in 1926, the eldest child of then-Prince Albert (later, King George VI ), who was the second son of King George V, who was the second son of King Edward VII, who was Queen Victoria’s second child. Prince Philli p: Prince Philip was born in 1921 to Princess Alice of Battenberg, whose mother was Princess Victoria of Hesse, whose mother was Princess Alice, who was Queen Victoria’s third child. Although he married the Queen of England, Prince Phillip did not become the king,

Having had the same great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were third cousins.

Was Prince Philip Greek or German?

Born on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921, The Duke of Edinburgh was named Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. His Royal Highness’s early life has often been described as turbulent and he spent much of his younger years moving from home to home.

Asked By: Curtis Green Date: created: Jan 13 2024

What is the relation between Queen Elizabeth and Mountbatten

Answered By: Brandon Washington Date: created: Jan 16 2024

Footnotes –

  1. ^ Brandreth, pp.133–139; Lacey, pp.124–125; Pimlott, p.86
  2. ^ Bond, p.10; Brandreth, pp.132–136, 166–169; Lacey, pp.119, 126, 135
  3. ^ Vickers, Hugo (2000). Alice: princess Andrew of Greece, New York: St. Martin’s Press,p.317. ISBN 0-312-28886-7,
  4. ^ Brandreth, p.183
  5. ^ Heald, p.77
  6. ^ Robinson, Katie (27 October 2017). “The Untold Story Behind Queen Elizabeth’s Engagement Ring”, Town & Country, Retrieved 15 May 2018,
  7. ^ Anastasiou, Zoe (6 January 2018). “This Is The Adorable Story Behind Queen Elizabeth’s Engagement Ring”, Harper’s Bazaar, Retrieved 15 May 2018,
  8. ^ Boyce, Peter John (2008). The Queen’s Other Realms: The Crown and Its Legacy in Australia, Canada and New Zealand, Sydney: Federation Press.p.81. ISBN 9781862877009,
  9. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f 60 Diamond Wedding anniversary facts, Official website of the British Monarchy, 18 November 2007, retrieved 20 June 2010
  10. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p “70 facts about The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh’s Wedding”,,17 November 2017, Retrieved 15 June 2018,
  11. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e “Sixty facts about a royal marriage”, BBC.18 November 2007, Retrieved 15 November 2018,
  12. ^ Hoey, p.58; Pimlott, pp.133–134
  13. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f “Elizabeth II’s wedding”, BBC, Retrieved 1 August 2018,
  14. ^ “The Mirror”, Daily Mirror, May 2011.
  15. ^ Field, pp.41–43.
  16. ^ Field, pp.104–105.
  17. ^ Jump up to: a b Davison, Janet. “The Royal Wedding, decoded”, CBC, Retrieved 15 June 2022,
  18. ^ Jump up to: a b “ROYAL: Wedding of HRH Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey”, ITN Source, retrieved 13 January 2011
  19. ^ Heald, p.86
  20. ^ “Markle’s wedding ring expected to follow royal tradition of Welsh gold”, Reuters.21 March 2018. Archived from the original on 23 October 2018, Retrieved 22 October 2018,
  21. ^ “Gold of Royalty – British Royal Family and Welsh Gold”, Clogau, Retrieved 22 October 2018,
  22. ^ Jump up to: a b Prior, Neil (27 April 2011). “Welsh gold wedding ring continues royal tradition”, BBC, Retrieved 22 October 2018,
  23. ^ Wilkinson, James (2011). The Queen’s Coronation: The Inside Story, Scala Publishers Ltd.p.24. ISBN 978-1-85759-735-6,
  24. ^ Glover, Raymond F, The Hymnal 1982 Companion: Volume Three B, The Church Hymnal Corporation 1994 (p.1218 )
  25. ^ “Weddings: Elizabeth, Princess (later Queen Elizabeth II) & HRH the Duke of Edinburgh”, Westminster Abbey
  26. ^ Hoey, pp.55–56; Pimlott, pp.101, 137
  27. ^ Jump up to: a b “No.38128”, The London Gazette,21 November 1947.p.5495.
  28. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Galarza, Daniela (18 May 2018). “A Brief History of British Royal Wedding Cakes”,, Retrieved 15 June 2018,
  29. ^ Timms, Elizabeth Jane (11 April 2018). “Royal Wedding Bouquets: The Osborne Myrtle Bush”, Royal Central, Retrieved 14 June 2018,
  30. ^ Helgeson, Kyla (6 June 2016). “Royal Wedding Flowers: Wedding Bouquets and Trends Throughout the Decades”, Tesselaar Flowers, Retrieved 14 June 2018,
  31. ^ “A Royal Wedding 1947”, Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.
  32. ^ Bradford, p.424
  33. ^ Hoey, p.59; Petropoulos, p.363

Who assassinated Lord Mountbatten and why?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Assassination of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Part of The Troubles
Location Mullaghmore Peninsula, Ireland
Coordinates 54°27′59″N 8°26′55″W  /  54.4664°N 8.4486°W
Date 27 August 1979 ; 44 years ago
Target Earl Mountbatten
Attack type Bombing
Weapon Bomb
  • Earl Mountbatten
  • Nicholas Knatchbull
  • Paul Maxwell
  • Doreen Knatchbull
  • Patricia Knatchbull
  • John Knatchbull
  • Timothy Knatchbull
Perpetrator Provisional IRA
Assailant Thomas McMahon
Motive Irish republicanism
Convicted Thomas McMahon
Charges Murder
Map showing Mullaghmore Peninsula (red) within County Sligo, where Mountbatten was killed.


Memorial near Mullaghmore Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, a relative of the British royal family, was assassinated on 27 August 1979 by Thomas McMahon, an Irish republican and volunteer for the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Asked By: Juan Collins Date: created: Feb 03 2023

Was Lord Mountbatten assassinated

Answered By: Timothy Jones Date: created: Feb 03 2023

The gruesome 1979 IRA assassination of a beloved British royal—which took place the same day as a deadly coordinated attack on British troops—led to outrage, heartbreak and a heightening of ” The Troubles,” the decades-long Northern Ireland conflict.

How did Mountbatten get its name?

Mountbatten Estate is one of the five subzones in the Marine Parade area within Singapore’s Central Region. It spans a total area of 161 ha.1 It was named after Lord Louis Mountbatten, who later became Earl Mountbatten of Burma.2 Today, Mountbatten Estate is described as an area with a mix of quality bungalows and residential apartments.3 History Mountbatten Road, which stretches from Geylang Road to Fort Road, was formerly called Grove Road.4 On 29 May 1946, then Governor F.C.

  • Gimson announced the name change during a presentation ceremony when Mountbatten, who was then Supreme Allied Commander, presented a Japanese gun and a Union Jack to the people of Singapore.
  • The ceremony was held on the eve of his flight to London to attend the Victory Celebrations on the surrender of the Japanese forces,5 Located in the east coast, Mountbatten Estate was famed for its beach.

The wealthy set up homes there in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, dotting the estate with bungalows. A familiar sight along Mountbatten Road, the single-storey raised bungalows of the rich were nicknamed “millionaires’ bungalows”. Such houses were first built in India, and were found to be effective in keeping the tropical heat away as the under-floor ventilation kept the rooms cool.6 In 1991, Mountbatten Road was earmarked for conservation by the Urban Redevelopment Authority, with 15 bungalows along the road considered part of Singapore’s residential heritage.7 Among them were Chansville, the childhood home of famed siblings Pat and Mark Chan.

The architectural styles of these bungalows range from Art Deco to Victorian to early Modern.8 In late 1993, the Eurasian Association (founded in 1919) had a clubhouse on Mountbatten Road.9 It was relocated to Ceylon Road in 2003.10 The campus of La Salle College of the Arts was on Mountbatten Road in 1992.

Renamed LaSalle-SIA College of the Arts in 1993, its campus was relocated to McNally Street in the city area in 2003.11 Key features Geylang River runs through Kallang Park and the housing estates along Tanjong Rhu and Mountbatten roads.12 The river used to have a bed of soft marine clay.

During low tides, children in the neighbourhood would climb over the low concrete walls down to the river to catch fish and crabs.13 However, floods would occur in the Tanjong Katong area about 6 to 10 times a year during high tides. To address the problem, measures were taken to redesign and redevelop both banks of the river.14 In 1994, the Ministry of Environment completed a four-year development plan to deepen the river bed along the Tanjong Katong area.

Its pumping stations were also upgraded. The project won the Construction Industry Development Board’s Best Buildable Design Award for its use of jet grouting in redeveloping the river into a U-shaped, reinforced concrete canal.15 Today, the river banks lead up to a park and is popular with strollers and joggers.16 Author Vernon Cornelius References 1.

Urban Redevelopment Authority. (1994). Marine Parade planning area: Planning report 1994, Singapore: The Authority, pp.4, 6. (Call no.: RSING 711.4095957 SIN) 2. Savage, V.R., & Yeoh, B.S.A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p.263. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-); Earl Mountbatten,

(1947, October 23). The Singapore Free Press, p.3; Mountbatten chooses his new titles, (1947, October 29). The Singapore Free Press, p.8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.3. Urban Redevelopment Authority. (2016, July 28). Conservation districts: The good class bungalow areas and the Mountbatten Road conservation area,

Retrieved 2016, October 2 from Urban Redevelopment Authority website: 4. Savage, V.R., & Yeoh, B.S.A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p.263. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-);

(n.d.). Mountbatten Road (Primary Road), Retrieved 2017, June 17 from website: 5. Savage, V.R., & Yeoh, B.S.A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p.263.

  1. Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-); Supremo to present Jap gun to S’pore,
  2. 1946, May 25).
  3. Malaya Tribune, p.2; Supremo’s tribute to Singaporeans,
  4. 1946, May 30).
  5. Indian Daily Mail, p.1.
  6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.6.
  7. Ang, W, M.
  8. 1993, August 14).
  9. URA places 500 houses in Joo Chiat, Mountbatten area under conservation,

The Business Times, p.1; Mountbatten: A place millionaires called their own, (1993, August 14). The Business Times, p.2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places, Singapore: Times Books International, pp.291–293, 501–502.

(Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-) 7. Mountbatten, Joo Chiat are conservation areas, (1993, August 14). The Straits Times, p.44. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.8. Bachtiar, I. (1993, August 5). Mountbatten houses to be conserved, The Straits Times, p.4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.9. Eurasian Association turns 75,

(1994, July 10). The Straits Times, p.22; Fernandez, W. (1994, March 14). Eurasian body to mark 75th year in July, The Straits Times, p.24; Fernandez, W. (1993, August 1). Eurasians to get their own centre, The Straits Times, p.21. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.10.

  • Or, K.B. (2009, July 18).
  • Eurasian group to mark 90th year,
  • The Straits Times, p.30; Nirmala, M.
  • 2003, July 4).
  • All are welcome at new Eurasian House,
  • The Straits Times, p.27.
  • Retrieved from NewspaperSG.11. Lee, G.
  • 1991, December 1).
  • La Salle to get new campus in Mountbatten next year,
  • The Straits Times, p.27.

Retrieved from NewspaperSG; LaSalle College of the Arts. (2015). History & milestones, Retrieved 2016, October 7 from Lasalle College of the Arts website: 12. Goh, J. (1989, July 14). Geylang River gets clean bill of health,

  • The Straits Times, p.17.
  • Retrieved from NewspaperSG.13. Yeo, K.
  • 1995, May 27).
  • New life for an old river,
  • The Straits Times, p.40.
  • Retrieved from NewspaperSG.14. Tan, H.Y.
  • 1995, May 28).
  • Floods in Tanjong Katong now a thing of the past,
  • The Straits Times, p.22; Yeo, K.
  • 1995, May 27).
  • New life for an old river,

The Straits Times, p.40; Yeo, K. (1995, May 27). Putting an end to flood woes, The Straits Times, p.39. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.15. Magnificent seven, (1994, December 2). The Straits Times, p.38; Robert, C. (1995, May 27). A lovely river flows through it,

  1. The New Paper, p.12; Tan, H.Y.
  2. 1995, May 28).
  3. Floods in Tanjong Katong now a thing of the past,
  4. The Straits Times, p.22.
  5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.16.
  6. National Parks Board.
  7. 2015, December 14).
  8. Geylang park connector,
  9. Retrieved 2016, October 4 from National Parks website:; Yeo, K.

(1995, May 27). New life for an old river, The Straits Times, p.40. Retrieved from NewspaperSG. Further resources Mountbatten Community Centre Management Committee. (1981). Mountbatten Community Centre opening souvenir magazine 1981, Singapore: Author. (Call no.: RCLOS 300.95957 MOU) Urban Redevelopment Authority.

1995). Conservation guidelines: Our heritage is in our hands (Vol.4). Singapore: Author. (Call no.: RSING q363.69095957 CON) The information in this article is valid as at 2015 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject.

Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

Why are the royal family called Mountbatten?

Origins – The Mountbatten family are a branch of the German house of Battenberg, The Battenberg family was a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, rulers of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in Germany, The first member of the House of Battenberg was Julia Hauke, whose brother-in-law Grand Duke Louis III of Hesse created her Countess of Battenberg with the style Illustrious Highness (HIllH) in 1851, on the occasion of her morganatic marriage to Grand Duke Louis’ brother Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine,

  1. Julia was elevated in her title to Princess of Battenberg with the style Serene Highness (HSH) in 1858.
  2. Two of Alexander and Julia’s sons, Prince Henry of Battenberg and Prince Louis of Battenberg, became associated with the British Royal Family.
  3. Prince Henry married The Princess Beatrice, the youngest daughter of Queen Victoria,

Prince Louis married Victoria’s granddaughter, Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, and became the First Sea Lord of the Royal Navy, Due to anti-German feelings prevalent in Britain during World War I, Prince Louis, his children, and his nephews (the living sons of Prince Henry), renounced their German titles and changed their name to the more English sounding Mountbatten.

Why is Charles called Mountbatten?

Is King Charles a Windsor or a Mountbatten? – King Charles is part of the Windsor dynasty, but he is in fact a Mountbatten-Windsor. Early on in her reign, the late Queen Elizabeth II decreed that her descendants’ last name would be Mountbatten-Windsor.

  • The Royal family website explains: “The Royal Family name of Windsor was confirmed by The Queen after her accession in 1952.
  • However, in 1960, The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh decided that they would like their own direct descendants to be distinguished from the rest of the Royal Family (without changing the name of the Royal House), as Windsor is the surname used by all the male and unmarried female descendants of George V.

“It was therefore declared in the Privy Council that The Queen’s descendants, other than those with the style of Royal Highness and the title of Prince/Princess, or female descendants who marry, would carry the name of Mountbatten-Windsor.” The surname Mountbatten-Windsor appeared on an official document for the first time in 1973, when Princess Anne used it in the marriage register to marry Captain Mark Phillips.

Are the British royal family German?

Royal family’s German ancestors The English royal family has deep Teutonic ties. In 1714, George Louis, elector of Hanover, became the first king of German origin to succeed to the English crown. Over the past 300 years, strong ties have continued to be forged between the English throne and German noble families.

Did Meghan take Harry’s last name?

‘His father was the Prince of Wales, and his mother was the Princess of Wales.’ Harry’s surname entered public consciousness most notably in 2005, when he joined the Army and became known as ‘Officer Cadet Wales.’ Upon marriage and the conferment of his new title the Duke of Sussex, both Harry and Meghan adopted the

Who was the first Queen of England?

1553-1558) Mary I was the first Queen Regnant (that is, a queen reigning in her own right rather than a queen through marriage to a king).

Does Prince William use the name Mountbatten?

Though Prince William has held quite a few titles over the course of his lifetime, he’s known best in society and in his royal household as Prince William. Interestingly enough, the royal (who is next in line for the thrown) has a much longer full name that most people are unaware of.

  1. But what is his full moniker and why doesn’t he use it? Prince William | AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth, Pool What is Prince William’s real name? The eldest son of King Charles was actually born William Arthur Philip Louis Mountbatten-Windsor,
  2. However, you’ll scarcely hear of Prince William using his name in its entirety.

This is especially true of the royal’s surname, Mountbatten-Windsor. In fact, until 1917 those belonging to the British royal family had no last names. Instead, they utilized the name of the dynasty or house they belonged to. The official website for the.

2/17/2023by Abeni Tinubu Showbiz Cheat Sheet

Asked By: Kyle Martinez Date: created: Aug 13 2023

What does the R stand for in the Queen’s signature

Answered By: Blake Patterson Date: created: Aug 15 2023

What is the last name of England’s royal family? What is the last name of England’s royal family? Well, being the royal family, they have very little use for a last name, since everyone knows who they are, according to the family’s official Web site.

  1. However, the queen signs official documents “Elizabeth R.” The R stands for Regina, which means “queen.” (Regina is not one of her given names; she was baptized Elizabeth Alexandra Mary.) George V used the family name Windsor during World War I.
  2. When Princess Elizabeth (the current queen) served as a subaltern in the Auxiliary Territorial Service during World War II, she was called Elizabeth Windsor.

Elizabeth married Prince Philip of Greece, whose family name was Mountbatten, and eventually she decreed that most of her descendants would be called Mountbatten-Windsor. Princess Anne used this name in 1973 when she married Captain Mark Phillips. Officially, however, the name Mountbatten-Windsor does not apply to princes or princesses.