- 1 When was Adam born
- 2 What is Adam religion
- 3 When was Jesus born
- 4 Why did God send Jesus
- 5 Who ate the apple Adam or Eve
- 6 Do Adam and Eve go to heaven
- 7 How did Adam and Eve reproduce
- 8 Who was Adam’s first born
When was Adam born
Abstract – Inherent in the Creation versus the Theory of Evolution War, is the scientific belief in the millennia-long “evolution” of humankind, versus the Christian belief in the creation of the Biblical Adam and Eve circa 7,700 B.C. My research shows how, over the course of millions of years, God created then re-designed humankind in successive stages, which accounts for the non-linear progression of humanoids.
Applying Mitochondria DNA and archaeological evidence integrated with Judeo-Christian and Muslim Scriptures, I show that after God created Homo sapiens, He created the Biblical Adam and Eve circa 9,700 years ago, and that Adam and Eve were the prototypes for present-day man, referred to in my paper as Homo sapiens sapiens – very wise man.
Moreover, archaeological evidence suggests that Eve and Adam were created during the Mesolithic Period and co-existed with Homo sapiens and that Homo sapiens were subsequently eliminated. Thus, all humans today are descended from Eve. Keywords: Adam, Eve, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Homo sapiens, Anthropology, Archaeology, Biblical flood Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation Choice, Eloise, Eve or Evolution? (November 10, 2016).
Why did God create man?
Dear Faculty, Why did God create the world if we are all going to die? Sincerely, Theophilus Dear Theophilus, That is a great question that goes right to the heart of who God is. God is fully good, fully loving, fully beautiful and absolutely true and these characteristics continually flow out of him.
- Within the Trinity (God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit – three persons, one substance), the relationship of love, grace, goodness and beauty is so full that it overflowed through the act of creating a beautiful and good world.
- God brought the world into existence and as the capstone of this good work, he created people in his image so that they could share in his overflowing love, grace and goodness through their relationships with the Trinity.
God did not need the world or need people because God has no lack. Instead, God is so full of all that is good, that it overflows and spills out of him. His very nature is to share his goodness, grace and love. He created people out of love for the purpose of sharing love.
- People were created to love God and each other.
- Additionally, when God created people, he gave them good work to do so that they might experience God’s goodness and reflect his image in the way they care for the world and for each other.
- They were created without flaw or sin and God intended that they live this way eternally.
When God created people he also gave them free will so that they could freely share in his love. They were not robots who had no choice. Instead, God gave people the opportunity to either receive and live in his love or to reject him. Giving people free will dignified their choices and recognized the image of God within them.
After creating them, God told the first humans that there was one boundary they could not cross in order to live in fellowship with him. However, the first people chose to cross that line and disobey God’s instruction. In doing so, they severed their relationships with God and each other and ushered sin, decay, corruption and death into the world.
The perfect world was now broken. However, God is good, and God is light. God did not want people to live in brokenness, darkness and separation. So, he set about making the broken world right so that people could be forgiven, healed, restored and made whole.
Jesus Christ, fully God, became fully human and showed people how to live in God’s kingdom. The kingdom of God is anywhere the presence, rule and influence of God reigns in the lives of people. After three years showing people how to live in the kingdom of God, Jesus then willingly gave his own life as a sacrifice to pay for the sin that people had ushered into the world.
After three days, Jesus rose from the dead, demonstrating God’s ultimate power over death and conquering the power that sin had held on the lives of people. Because of Jesus’ death and resurrection, people can now live in restored relationship with God and they can love others with the love God gives them.
People can live an abundant life in the presence of Jesus and participate in God’s mission of bringing healing, wholeness and restoration to the world. Life in relationship with Jesus increasingly becomes marked by joy, love, peace and light. Eventually, yes, people still physically die. However, because Jesus conquered sin and death through his crucifixion and resurrection, followers of Jesus will experience eternal life with Christ after their physical death.
The body may die, but the soul lives on eternally with Christ. Indeed, God’s goodness, healing and wholeness have the first and the last word. Interested in having a question answered by Dear Theophilus writers? Send them all to [email protected] with “Dear Theophilus” in the subject line.
Were Adam and Eve the first humans?
Creation narrative – Adam and Eve are the Bible’s first man and first woman. Adam’s name appears first in Genesis 1 with a collective sense, as “mankind”; subsequently in Genesis 2–3 it carries the definite article ha, equivalent to English “the”, indicating that this is “the man”.
In these chapters God fashions “the man” ( ha adam ) from earth ( adamah ), breathes life into his nostrils, and makes him a caretaker over creation. God next creates for the man an ezer kenegdo, a “helper corresponding to him”, from his side or rib. The word “rib” is a pun in Sumerian, as the word ti means both “rib” and “life”.
She is called ishsha, “woman”, because, the text says, she is formed from ish, “man”. The man receives her with joy, and the reader is told that from this moment a man will leave his parents to “cling” to a woman, the two becoming one flesh.
What is Adam religion
Adam or Muhammad as the first human – Although Adam is considered the first human being, he is not necessarily depicted as the first prophet. Islamic traditions acknowledge that before Adam was made, Muhammad’s spirit, also known as the Muhammadan Light, was already created.
Ibn Sa’d attributed to Qatada ibn Di’ama to quote Muhammad: “I was the first human in creation and I am the last one on resurrection”. According to a Shia tradition, after the angels prostrated themselves before Adam, God ordered Adam to look at the Throne of God. Then he saw the radiant body of Muhammad and his family,
This tradition also entered the orthodox Sunni discourse through hadiths as narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, when Muhammad was asked then his prophethood started, he would have answered: “When Adam was between the spirit and the body.” For this reason, although Adam plays the role of the first physical human, he is still preceded by the essence of Muhammad.
What is Jesus age?
|Born||c.6 to 4 BC Herodian kingdom, Roman Empire|
|Died||AD 30 or 33 (aged 33–38) Jerusalem, Judaea, Roman Empire|
|Cause of death||Crucifixion|
|Known for||Central figure of Christianity|
When was Jesus born
Summary of Jesus’ life – Although born in Bethlehem, according to Matthew and Luke, Jesus was a Galilean from Nazareth, a village near Sepphoris, one of the two major cities of Galilee ( Tiberias was the other). He was born to Joseph and Mary sometime between 6 bce and shortly before the death of Herod the Great (Matthew 2; Luke 1:5) in 4 bce,
- According to Matthew and Luke, however, Joseph was only legally his father.
- They report that Mary was a virgin when Jesus was conceived and that she “was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit ” (Matthew 1:18; cf.
- Luke 1:35).
- Joseph is said to have been a carpenter (Matthew 13:55)—that is, a craftsman who worked with his hands—and, according to Mark 6:3, Jesus also became a carpenter.
Luke (2:41–52) states that Jesus as a youth was precociously learned, but there is no other evidence of his childhood or early life. As a young adult, he went to be baptized by the prophet John the Baptist and shortly thereafter became an itinerant preacher and healer (Mark 1:2–28).
- In his mid-30s Jesus had a short public career, lasting perhaps less than one year, during which he attracted considerable attention.
- Sometime between 29 and 33 ce —possibly 30 ce —he went to observe Passover in Jerusalem, where his entrance, according to the Gospels, was triumphant and infused with eschatological significance.
While there he was arrested, tried, and executed. His disciples became convinced that he rose from the dead and appeared to them. They converted others to belief in him, which eventually led to a new religion, Christianity. Britannica Quiz Pop Quiz: 19 Things to Know About Christianity
What language did Adam speak?
Middle Ages – Traditional Jewish exegesis such as Midrash says that Adam spoke the Hebrew language because the names he gives Eve – Isha and Chava – only make sense in Hebrew. By contrast, Kabbalism assumed an ” eternal Torah ” which was not identical to the Torah written in Hebrew.
Thus, Abraham Abulafia in the 13th century assumed that the language spoken in Paradise had been different from Hebrew, and rejected the claim then-current also among Christian authors, that a child left unexposed to linguistic stimulus would automatically begin to speak in Hebrew. Umberto Eco (1993) notes that Genesis is ambiguous on whether the language of Adam was preserved by Adam’s descendants until the confusion of tongues, or if it began to evolve naturally even before Babel.
Dante Alighieri addresses the topic in his De vulgari eloquentia (1302–1305). He argues that the Adamic language is of divine origin and therefore unchangeable. He also notes that according to Genesis, the first speech act is due to Eve, addressing the serpent, and not to Adam.
In his Divine Comedy (c.1308–1320), however, Dante changes his view to another that treats the Adamic language as the product of Adam. This had the consequence that it could no longer be regarded as immutable, and hence Hebrew could not be regarded as identical with the language of Paradise. Dante concludes ( Paradiso XXVI) that Hebrew is a derivative of the language of Adam.
In particular, the chief Hebrew name for God in scholastic tradition, El, must be derived of a different Adamic name for God, which Dante gives as I,
How old was Jesus when he died?
However, Bond makes the case Jesus died around Passover, between A.D.29 and 34. Considering Jesus’ varying chronology, he was 33 to 40 years old at his time of death.
How long ago did Adam live?
Genetic Adam and Eve did not live too far apart in time Studies re-date ‘Y-chromosome Adam’ and ‘mitochondrial Eve’. A Sardinian fisherman. Using DNA from men from the island, researchers have reconstructed a tree of paternal descent. Credit: Hemera/Thinkstock The Book of Genesis puts Adam and Eve together in the Garden of Eden, but geneticists’ version of the duo — the ancestors to whom the Y chromosomes and mitochondrial DNA of today’s humans can be traced — were thought to have lived tens of thousands of years apart.
- Now, two major studies of modern humans’ Y chromosomes suggest that ‘Y-chromosome Adam’ and ‘mitochondrial Eve’ may have lived around the same time after all,,
- When the overall population size does not change (as is likely to have happened for long periods of human history), men have, on average, just one son.
In this case, evolutionary theory predicts that for any given man there is a high probability that his paternal line will eventually come to an end. All of his male descendants will then have inherited Y chromosomes from other men. In fact, it is highly probable that at some point in the past, all men except one possessed Y chromosomes that by now are extinct.
All men living now, then, would have a Y chromosome descended from that one man — identified as Y-chromosome Adam. (The biblical reference is a bit of a misnomer because this Adam was by no means the only man alive at his time.) Similarly, the theory predicts that all mitochondrial genomes today should be traceable to a single woman, a ‘mitochondrial Eve’.
Whereas the Y chromosome is passed from father to son, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed from mother to daughter and son. In 1987 population geneticists first demonstrated the existence of such a ‘mitochondrial Eve’, After analysing mtDNA from 147 people from around the world to chart their genetic relationships, they used a ‘molecular clock’, based on the number of DNA mutations that arise with each generation, to estimate Eve’s age.
- This woman, the researchers concluded, probably lived in Africa around 200,000 years ago.
- The finding provided evidence for the theory that modern humans evolved in Africa before migrating to other continents.
- Yet comparable studies later found that Adam, the common ancestor of the portion of the Y chromosome that passes from father to son, lived roughly 100,000 years ago.
It’s possible that Adam and Eve lived aeons apart, and geneticists have come up with a number of explanations as to why. Carlos Bustamante, a population geneticist at the Stanford University School of Medicine in California who led one of the latest studies, says that chance could explain the discrepancy between the ages of Adam and Eve.
- Polygamy could also help to explain the gap, he says.
- The calculation of when Adam or Eve lived depends on the number of breeding adults in a population, and polygamy reduces the number of males that pass on their Y chromosomes, thereby skewing the estimate.
- Bustamante and his team sequenced the Y chromosomes of 69 males from around the world and uncovered about 9,000 previously unknown DNA sequence variations.
They used these variations to create a more reliable molecular clock and found that Adam lived between 120,000 and 156,000 years ago. A comparable analysis of the same men’s mtDNA sequences suggested that Eve lived between 99,000 and 148,000 years ago,
- This idea of a very recent common ancestor of all men is not that true,” Bustamante says.
- Meanwhile, a team led by Paolo Francalacci, a population geneticist at the University of Sassari, Italy, came to a similar conclusion by studying the Y chromosomes of 1,200 men from the island of Sardinia.
- The team identified nearly 7,000 previously unknown Y-chromosome variations and used that detail to create their own molecular clock.
The clock helped to pinpoint key events in Sardinian history, such as the rise of Neolithic populations there and the arrival of Africans as part of the Roman slave trade. It also suggested that Adam lived 180,000–200,000 years ago, similar to initial estimates of Eve’s age,
- Francalacci says that the difference between the two studies’ estimates of Adam’s age could be due to the different populations they studied and how the molecular clocks were calculated.
- Bustamante says that, all in all, the two papers match up well.
- It’s not so much we’re shifting the mitochondria down — which we are, a bit — but we’re pushing the Y farther back,” he says.
In recent years, many population geneticists have focused on interpreting the rest of the genome — the autosomes — because it provides a richer, more complicated, picture. But the latest studies suggest that the Y chromosome is still useful for studying human history, Bustamante says.
- His team calculated that the chromosome gains a new mutation roughly every 125 years, enabling geneticists to tell when two closely related populations split or how distant cousins are related.
- When we first started this project I thought, ‘Oh hum-hum we’re going to sequence some Y chromosomes and this is well-trod territory’, but it just kept getting more and more exciting,” he says.
In February, for instance, researchers led by Michael Hammer, a population geneticist at the University of Arizona in Tucson, reported the discovery of an African American family whose Y chromosomes do not seem to directly descend from Adam’s, One possible explanation is that the Y chromosome came from an archaic species of human that interbred with Homo sapiens tens of thousands of years ago.
- Yet Hammer sees the discrepancy between the age of the Y-Adam and that of the mitochondrial eve as a “red herring”, and he, as many other population geneticists, bristles at the use of biblical names.
- Because of the random nature of genealogy, he says, two different genetic lineages are unlikely to have common ancestors who lived in the same population at the same time.
: Genetic Adam and Eve did not live too far apart in time
What century was God born?
What is known about the birth of Jesus according to the Bible? – The Bible recounts the life of Jesus and his birth. So there is little valid information about the actual date of Jesus’ birth. What emerges from the two biblical traditions of Luke and Matthew is:
Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Judea. Herod the Great was king in Israel at the time of Jesus’ birth. But he actually died already in 4 BC and not in the year 0, so the period from 7 to 4 BC can be considered as the time of Jesus’ birth. Jesus’ parents were called Mary and Joseph, who were engaged at the time of his birth. According to the Bible, the birth of Jesus was a virgin birth by the action of the Holy Spirit.
How did God died on the cross?
New Testament narratives – The earliest detailed accounts of the death of Jesus are contained in the four canonical gospels, There are other, more implicit references in the New Testament epistles. In the synoptic gospels, Jesus predicts his death in three separate places.
All four Gospels conclude with an extended narrative of Jesus’s arrest, initial trial at the Sanhedrin and final trial at Pilate’s court, where Jesus is flogged, condemned to death, is led to the place of crucifixion initially carrying his cross before Roman soldiers induce Simon of Cyrene to carry it, and then Jesus is crucified, entombed, and resurrected from the dead.
In each Gospel these five events in the life of Jesus are treated with more intense detail than any other portion of that Gospel’s narrative. Scholars note that the reader receives an almost hour-by-hour account of what is happening. : p.91 A depiction of the Raising of the Cross, by Sebastiano Mazzoni, 17th century, Ca’ Rezzonico After arriving at Golgotha, Jesus was offered wine mixed with myrrh or gall to drink. Both the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Matthew record that he refused this.
- He was then crucified and hung between two convicted thieves.
- According to some translations of the original Greek, the thieves may have been bandits or Jewish rebels.
- According to the Gospel of Mark, he endured the torment of crucifixion from the third hour (between approximately 9 a.m.
- And noon), until his death at the ninth hour, corresponding to about 3 p.m.
The soldiers affixed a sign above his head stating “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews” which, according to the Gospel of John, was in three languages (Hebrew, Latin, and Greek), and then divided his garments and cast lots for his seamless robe. According to the Gospel of John, the Roman soldiers did not break Jesus’s legs, as they did to the two crucified thieves (breaking the legs hastened the onset of death), as Jesus was dead already. Bronzino ‘s depiction of the crucifixion with three nails, no ropes, and a hypopodium standing support, c. 1545 According to all four gospels, Jesus was brought to the ” Place of a Skull ” and crucified with two thieves, with the charge of claiming to be ” King of the Jews “, and the soldiers divided his clothes before he bowed his head and died.
Following his death, Joseph of Arimathea requested the body from Pilate, which Joseph then placed in a new garden tomb. The three Synoptic gospels also describe Simon of Cyrene bearing the cross, a crowd of people mocking Jesus along with the thieves/robbers/rebels, darkness from the 6th to the 9th hour, and the temple veil being torn from top to bottom.
The Synoptic Gospels also mention several witnesses, including a centurion, and several women who watched from a distance, two of whom were present during the burial, The Gospel of Luke is the only gospel to omit the detail of the sour wine mix that was offered to Jesus on a reed, while only Mark and John describe Joseph actually taking the body down off the cross.
There are several details that are only mentioned in a single gospel account. For instance, only the Gospel of Matthew mentions an earthquake, resurrected saints who went to the city and that Roman soldiers were assigned to guard the tomb, while Mark is the only one to state the time of the crucifixion (the third hour, or 9 a.m.
– although it was probably as late as noon) and the centurion’s report of Jesus’s death. The Gospel of Luke’s unique contributions to the narrative include Jesus’s words to the women who were mourning, one criminal’s rebuke of the other, the reaction of the multitudes who left “beating their breasts”, and the women preparing spices and ointments before resting on the Sabbath.
John is also the only one to refer to the request that the legs be broken and the soldier’s subsequent piercing of Jesus’s side (as fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy), as well as that Nicodemus assisted Joseph with burial. According to the First Epistle to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 15:4), Jesus was raised from the dead (“on the third day” counting the day of crucifixion as the first) and according to the canonical gospels, appeared to his disciples on different occasions before ascending to heaven.
The account given in Acts of the Apostles says that Jesus remained with the apostles for 40 days, whereas the account in the Gospel of Luke makes no clear distinction between the events of Easter Sunday and the Ascension. Most biblical scholars agree that the author of Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles as a follow-up volume to the Gospel of Luke account, and the two works must be considered as a whole.
- In Mark, Jesus is crucified along with two rebels, and the sun goes dark or is obscured for three hours.
- Jesus calls out to God, then gives a shout and dies.
- The curtain of the Temple is torn in two.
- Matthew follows Mark, but mentions an earthquake and the resurrection of saints.
- Luke also follows Mark, although he describes the rebels as common criminals, one of whom defends Jesus, who in turn promises that he (Jesus) and the criminal will be together in paradise.
Luke portrays Jesus as impassive in the face of his crucifixion. John includes several of the same elements as those found in Mark, though they are treated differently.
Why did God send Jesus
Why did God send Jesus? Tagged With Why did God send Jesus, his one and only Son to live as a man? Have you ever asked yourself this question? When we truly begin to grasp the magnitude of our sin against God, it is natural to wonder what could possibly motivate God to send his Son Jesus.
That sense of wonder only grows as we understand that Jesus lived the life of perfect obedience that we should have lived, died to pay the penalty for our sins, and rose from the dead to conquer sin, death, and the devil. And as if that weren’t enough, he adopted us into his family and sent his Spirit to dwell inside of us! So why did God send Jesus? The Bible is clear that it wasn’t because of anything lovely in us.
In Romans 5:6-8 Paul writes “For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die— but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” So part of what makes God’s love for us so stunning is that it is directed towards us when we were sinners rebelling against his rule.
Along similar lines, God made it clear that his choice of Israel was not based on them being any better than the nations around them: “It was not because you were more in number than any other people that the Lord set his love on you and chose you, for you were the fewest of all peoples, but it is because the Lord loves you and is keeping the oath that he swore to your fathers” (Deut 7:7-8).
In other words, God loves his people because he loves them and chose to make a covenant with them. Likewise, God’s love for us is because of His loving nature and not anything we have done to deserve it. This is the closest to a direct answer the Bible gives to the question, “Why did God send Jesus?” But we can also make some inferences from other biblical truths.
Because God’s number one priority is to display his glory, he created human beings in his image to reflect that glory (Gen 1:26-31). But because of our sin, we have fallen short of reflecting God’s glory as we should (Rom 3:23). Therefore God sent his son Jesus as “the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation” (Col 1:15).
Through his life of perfect obedience, his sacrificial death on the cross for our sins, and his resurrection from the dead, Jesus begins to restore the fullness of God’s image in us. Paul captures this idea well when he writes “For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
- And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified” (Rom 8:29-30).
- So God’s love for us is at some level rooted in our identity as his image-bearers.
- By sending his son Jesus to die for our sins, God is working to restore the radiance of his own glory shining in and through us.
The apostle John captures this reality well when he writes: “See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called children of God; and so we are. The reason why the world does not know us is that it did not know him. Beloved, we are God’s children now, and what we will be has not yet appeared; but we know that when he appears we shall be like him because we shall see him as he is.
- And everyone who thus hopes in him purifies himself as he is pure” (1 John 3:2-3).
- Pastors are often called on to counsel people who are asking tough questions like, “Why did God send Jesus?” If you’re exploring ministry for the first time, or are looking to deepen your ability to minister to God’s people, is one of several programs to equip you for this important work.
Learn more about and explore your next steps towards a ministry that leads God’s people both to understand God’s love and share it with one another. Matthew S. Harmon, Professor of New Testament studies, loves to help people understand the beauty of Jesus Christ as revealed in the Scriptures, seeing it as the key to life transformation (2 Corinthians 3:18). : Why did God send Jesus?
Who ate the apple Adam or Eve
O P I N I O N – Eve and the Serpent. Oil on canvas/Herbert Mandel About this series: A narrative exploring the stories behind the paintings of late artist Herbert Mandel as explained in the context of the Biblical texts they’re derived from, by his son-in-law, Jim Robidoux. The Biblical story of Adam and Eve is told in the book of Genesis, when God created Adam, and then Eve. It’s been retold time and again by many artists, including my father-in-law, Herbert Mandel, which is the inspiration for this explanation of “the fall.” God’s first recorded conversation with Adam in the Bible was about the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge in the Garden of Eden.
Adam and Eve were told they could eat anything they wanted — except the fruit from that tree. If they did, God told them they would die. Death was God’s warning, before “the great fall,” and the loss of innocence for mankind. Eve had been created just for Adam, a helpmate suited for him. The fall was inevitable.
In Adam’s defense, he fell for the most beautiful woman on earth, despite God’s warning. Adam and Eve hide from God. Oil on Canvas/Herbert Mandel Eve picked the forbidden fruit and ate it. Adam was with her and he ate it, too. Their eyes were opened and their innocence, lost. They ran from God and His presence soon after, and were expelled from the garden, paradise also lost. “Adam and Eve Expelled from Eden.” Oil on canvas/Herbert Mandel And so it was through the first sin of disobedience, that death and suffering worldwide entered in. To ask, “What if Adam and Eve had not eaten the forbidden fruit,” is pointless. The fall was predictable, and God had a plan from the beginning.
Do Adam and Eve go to heaven
There’s no place in the Bible that says they were saved. But there is no place in the Bible that indicates the couple was lost, either.
Did Adam and Eve exist?
Is it true that the biblical Adam and Eve existed? – The Tech Interactive No, it is not true. Scientists can trace our maternal and paternal lines back to a woman and man who lived a long time ago, but they are not the Biblical Adam and Eve. People refer to these two individuals as “mtEve” and “Y-Adam,” for reasons we’ll explain below.
Fossil evidence shows us that these two individuals were part of a whole population of our ancestors- they were definitely not alone on Earth. And instead of living 6000 years ago as some would have us believe, our DNA suggests that these two lived more than 100,000 years ago. Given this information, there is no reason to believe they ever met, or even lived in the same region of Earth.
In fact, they exist, But how can we know how long ago these two lived? After all, no one alive today was around to tell us their story. We can figure it out by comparing lots of different people’s DNA. Because our DNA changes as it is passed from parent to child at a pretty constant rate, we can figure out how long ago everyone had the same starting DNA. Mutations are changes in your DNA sequence. They can be caused by exposure to radiation, certain chemicals, or simply mistakes made by the cell’s machinery when copying or maintaining its DNA. Via
What is the 1st religion in the world?
© Radiokukka—iStock/Getty Images Adherents hold that Hinduism —one of the principal faiths in the modern world, with about one billion followers—is the world’s oldest religion, with complete scriptural texts dating back 3,000 years. The oral tradition that gave rise to the Mahabharata, for example, probably dates to about 850 BCE, although its written Sanskrit form is about 400 years younger.
- Zoroastrianism, the chief pre-Islamic religion practiced in Iran, draws on some of those Sanskrit oral compositions and, later, written texts.
- Its founder, Zarathushtra, wrote down hymns that predate written Sanskrit literature, which makes it possible to claim that Zoroastrianism is older than Hinduism, formally codified.
Judaism dates to great antiquity as well, with an oral tradition that is nearly 4,000 years old and written texts that may be older than the Sanskrit and Avestan texts of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism. For example, the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) has some written elements that are thought to have originated in the mid-2nd millennium BCE.
The ultimate answer to the question depends in good part on what is meant by the term religion and its evolution: Does it require written texts? Can those texts be precisely dated? Must it be the same now as it was at its founding? For example, Judaism, Hinduism, and Zoroastrianism as they are practiced today have taken certain departures from their most ancient forms, as have newer world religions such as Christianity and Islam.
Suffice it to say that most of the world religions that we know today have roots in practices that are thousands of years old.
What religion was Jesus?
Jesus’ identity cannot be understood apart from his Jewishness. Harold W. Attridge: The Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament Yale Divinity School What was the dominant religious influence on ? Jesus was certainly subject to the influence of the traditions of Israel, there’s no doubt about that. But in what form those traditions came to him in Galilee at the beginning of the first century is somewhat unclear.
He certainly would have known of the Temple in Jerusalem, and probably, as traditions report., would have gone up to Jerusalem for the major pilgrimage festivals. He would have known of the rituals of the Temple, their atoning ignificance. He would have celebrated Passover, I suspect, with his family, and would have known of the hopes embedded in Passover for divine deliverance.
He probably was aware of the growing Pharisaic movement which preached a notion of purity that was available to all Jews, not simply those who were officiating at the Temple cult. He certainly would have known Jewish scripture, And we can see in some of his parables how he plays on images from scripture.
For instance, the great Cedar of Lebanon from Ezekial probably plays a role in his description of the mustard seed, which becomes a tree, and there’s probably an element of parody there. So his relationship with the scriptural heritage is a complex one, but it certainly is an important one in his formation.
Shaye I.D. Cohen: Samuel Ungerleider Professor of Judaic Studies and Professor of Religious Studies Brown University Was Jesus Jewish and, if he was, how would that have influenced his experiences as a young man growing up in Galilee? Was Jesus a Jew? Of course, Jesus was a Jew. He was born of a Jewish mother, in Galilee, a Jewish part of the world. All of his friends, associates, colleagues, disciples, all of them were Jews.
He regularly worshipped in Jewish communal worship, what we call synagogues. He preached from Jewish text, from the Bible. He celebrated the Jewish festivals. He went on pilgrimage to the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem where he was under the authority of priests. He lived, was born, lived, died, taught as a Jew.
This is obvious to any casual reader of the gospel text. What’s striking is not so much that he was a Jew but that the gospels make no pretense that he wasn’t. The gospels have no sense yet that Jesus was anything other than a Jew. The gospels don’t even have a sense that he came to found a new religion, an idea completely foreign to all the gospel text, and completely foreign to Paul.
That is an idea which comes about only later. So, to say that he was a Jew is saying a truism, is simply stating an idea that is so obvious on the face of it, one wonders it even needs to be said. But, of course, it does need to be said because we all know what happens later in the story, where it turns out that Christianity becomes something other than Judaism and as a result, Jesus in retrospect is seen not as a Jew, but as something else, as a founder of Christianity.
But, of course, he was a Jew. Paula Fredriksen: William Goodwin Aurelio Professor of the Appreciation of Scripture, Boston University Was Jesus Jewish? Why is it so important to us and why would it have colored his perceptions? What astonishes me when I read the stories about Jesus in the New Testament, is how completely embedded he is in this first century.
Jewish world of religious practice and piety. We tend to get distracted by the major plot line of the gospels, because we’re waiting for the story to develop up to the crucifixion. But, within that story, and the stories that are told by the evangelists that fills in the gap between the Galilee and Jerusalem, Jesus presented continuously as going into the synagogue on the Sabbath.
He is presented as going up to Jerusalem for the pilgrimage holidays, specifically in John, for any number of pilgrimage holidays, and in the synoptic gospels, most importantly, for Passover. Jerusalem at Passover is not the sort of place you’d want to be in unless you were really committed to doing an awful lot of ritual activity with tremendous historical resonance.
hat we’ve learned from the gospel stories is not that Jesus was not Jewish. Quite the opposite. He’s completely embedded in the Judaism of his time. What we learn from the gospels is that he’s not a member of one of the groups whose identifying characteristics Josephus gave to us. He’s not a Sadducee. He’s not a Pharisee.
He’s always arguing with the Pharisees. He’s not an Essene. He’s not an insurrectionist. And the fact that he’s arguing with other people who may be members of these other groups just simply signifies that he’s a Jew, because that’s what these Jews all did with each other – argue with each other all the time.
What is the first religion?
Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with more than 1 billion followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion worldwide, after Christianity and Islam. Roughly 94 percent of the world’s Hindus live in India.
How did Adam and Eve reproduce
His birth. Adam had an intercourse with Eve, resulting in her becoming pregnant and giving birth to her first son, Cain (Genesis 4:1, NLT). Though she bore him ‘with the sorrows that were the consequence of sin,’ she ‘did not lose the sense of the mercy in her pains’ 3.
Who was Adam’s first born
Notable Family Members: brother Abel Cain, in the Bible ( Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament ), firstborn son of Adam and Eve who murdered his brother Abel ( Genesis 4:1–16). Cain, a farmer, became enraged when the Lord accepted the offering of his brother, a shepherd, in preference to his own.
He murdered Abel and was banished by the Lord from the settled country. Cain feared that in his exile he could be killed by anyone, so the Lord gave him a sign for his protection and a promise that if he were killed, he would be avenged sevenfold. The biblical story may have intended to explain why a certain tribe, called Cain, had a special tattoo mark and why this tribe always severely avenged any murdered member.
The story also may explain why that tribe lived the nomadic rather than the settled life. Some biblical critics believe the tribe of Cain was the Kenites, According to Irenaeus and other early Christian writers, a gnostic sect called Cainites existed in the 2nd century ce,
How many years between Adam and Jesus?
Chronological Index of the Years and Times from Adam unto Christ | Houston Christian University The following chronology is from the first edition of the King James version of the Bible printed by Philadelphia printer Matthew Carey in 1801. The Chronology given largely follows that of Rev.
James Ussher’s Annals of the World, first published in 1658. Ussher’s chronology divided the world’s history into six ages, from creation to the fall of Jerusalem. Carey’s Bible has a heading noting the First Age, but, there are no headings for ensuing ages. “From” clearly marks the beginning of each age, however.
Proved by the Scriptures, from the Collection of divers Authors. The sum of the years of the First Age. From Adam unto Noah’s flood are years 1656. For when Adam was 150 years old he begat Seth. Seth being 105 years, begat Enos. Enos, being 90 years, begat Cainan.
- Cainan, being 70 years, begat Mahaleel.
- Mahaleel, being 65 years, begat Jared.
- Jared, at the age of 162, begat Enoch.
- Enoch, being 65 years, begat Methuselah.
- Methuselah, at the age of 187, begat Lamech.
- Lamech, being 182 years, begat Noah.
- Noah, at the coming of the flood, was 600 years old, as appeareth in the 7th chap.
of Genesis. The whole sum of the years are 1656. From the said flood of Noah, unto Abraham’s departing from Chaldea, were 422years and ten days. For the said flood continued one whole year and ten days. Shem (which was Noah’s son) begat Arphaxad two years after that.
- Arphaxad begat Salah when he was 35 years old.
- Salah, being 30 years old, begat Eber.
- Eber, at the age of 34, begat Peleg.
- Peleg, being 30 years, begat Reu.
- Reu, being 32 years, begat Serug.
- Serug, being 30 years, begat Nahor.
- Nahor, being 29 years, begat Terah.
- Terah, being 130 years, begat Abram.
- And Abraham departed from Chaldea when he was 70 years old.
These accounted, are 422 years and ten days. From Abraham’s departing from Ur in Chaldea unto the departing of the children of Israel, are 430 years, gathered as followeth: Abraham was in Charran five years, and departed in the 75th year: Begat Isaac when 100 years old, in the 25th year of his departing.
Isaac begat Jacob, when 60 years old. Israel was in Egypt 220 years. Then deduct 80 years from this: for so old was Moses when he conducted the Israelites from Egypt. So the rest of the years, that is to say, 130, are divided between Amram and Kohath. The Kohath begat Amram at the age of 67 years. Amram, being 65 years, begat Moses, who in the 8oth year of his age, departed with the Israelites from Egypt.
So this chronology is the 430 years mentioned in the 12th chap. of Exodus and the 3d chap. to the Galatians. From the going of the Israelites from Egypt, unto the first building of the temple, are 480 years, after this chronology and account. Moses remained in the desert or wilderness 40 years.
Joshua and Othniel ruled 40 years. Ehud, 80 years. Deborah, 40 years. Gideon, 40 years. Abimelech, 3 years. Tola, 23 years. Jair, 22 years. Then they were without a captain, until the 18th year of Jephthah. Jephthah, 6 years. Ibzan, 7 years. Elon, 10 years. Abdon, 8 years. Sampson, 20 years. Heli, judge and priest, 4 years.
Samuel and Saul reigned 40 years. David was king 40 years. Solomon, in the 4th year of his reign, began the building of the temple. These are the 480 years mentioned in the first book of Kings, chap.vi. From the first building of the temple, unto the captivity of Babylon, are 419 years and an half.
Solomon reigned yet 36 years. Rehoboam, 17 years. Abija, 3 years. Asa, 41 years. Jehoshaphat, 25 years. Jehoram, 8 years. Ahaziah, 1 year. Athaliah, the queen, 7 years. Joash, 40 years. Amaziah, 29 years. Uzziah, 52 years. Jehoahaz, 16 years. Ahaz, 16 years. Hezekiah, 29 years. Manasses, 55 years. Amon, 2 years. Josiah, 31 years.
Jeoaz, 3 months. Eliakim, 11 years. Jehoiachin, Jechonias, 3 months.
And here beginneth the captivity of Babylon.The sum of these years are 419. Jerusalem was re-edified and built again after the captivity of Babylon, 70 years.
The captivity continued 70 years. The children of Israel were delivered the first year of Cyrus. The temple was begun to be built in the second year of the said Cyrus, and finished in the 46th year, which was the 6th year of Darius. After that Darius had reigned 20 years, Nehemiah was restored to liberty, and went to build the city, which was finished in the 32nd year of the said Darius.
- All the years from the building of the temple again, are 26 years.
- The whole sum of years amount to 70 From the re-edifying of the city, unto the coming of Christ, are 483 years, after this chronology.
- It is mentioned in the 9th chap.
- Of Daniel that Jerusalem should be built up again, and that from that time, unto the coming of Christ, are 69 weeks, and every week is reckoned for 7 years.
So 69 weeks amount to 483 years; for, from the said year of Darius, unto the 42nd year of Augustus, in which year our Saviour Christ was born, are just and complete so many years, whereupon we reckon, that from Adam unto Christ, are 3974 years, six months, and ten days; and from the birth of Christ, unto this present year, is 1801.
Why was Adam and Eve born?
The Garden of Eden, in its abundance, wouldn’t run out of anything because God was taking care of it (verses 4-17). Now, Eve was made because God realized that it was not good for Adam to be alone. So, in creating her, he would have a helper and companion suitable for him (verse 18).